FACTORS IN MOTIVATION pg 454
There are many Cognitive factors that influence
Motivation. Too name a few one must
( Within Goals there are Learning goals versus Performance goals)
EXPECTATIONS and VALUES
Let’s look at each of these factors
GOALS pg 465
Goals motivate people to move in a particular
direction. Example: If our goal is to teach, you must acquire a teaching certificate, which dictate that you do or have accomplish certain
It should, however, be noted that goals
are beneficial only if they are accomplished.
If they are too high or unrealistic, failure
to achieve may result in excessive stress.
Researchers have identified numerous goals
people set for themselves. To name a few, one might include:
Gaining physical comfort and personal well being
Doing well in school
Making a good impression on others
Getting married and having children
Gaining social or political power
While the goals previously listed, cover
a broad area, most of us have core goals……..that is, goals of considerable priority for us at a given point in
time, that seem to drive what we do.
Consequently, Goals fall into various categories. Two categories are:
GOALS VERSUS PERFORMANCE GOALS
LEARNING GOALS entail a desire to achieve
competence by acquiring additional knowledge or mastering new skills.
PERFORMANCE GOALS entail a desire to look
good and receive favorable judgment from others or not to look bad in the eyes of others.
Table 17-1 page 469 in the text gives an
extensive lists of characteristics of people with learning and performance goals.
AND VALUES pg 461
Expectations and Values are Cognitive factors
that effect Motivation.
EXPLAIN HOW THESE TWO EFFECT MOTIVATION?
If you Expect to succeed, at a particular
task you will be motivated to attempt it. If
you fear that you might fail, you are not likely to attempt the task. (Success
is more attitude than Aptitude)
In Values: You must believe there is benefit
in doing something well. You place Value on the task if you are going to be motivated to accomplish it. One might view it as in the old saying “What’s in it for me”?
When we say that people have interest in
a particular topic or activity, we mean that they find the topic or activity enticing.
Interest, then is a form of Cognitive
Motivation. Theorist propose two types of interest
EXPLAIN THE DIFFERNCE BETWEEN THE TWO?
PERSONAL INTERESTS are relatively stable
over time, and we see a consistent pattern in choices of people to engage in the interest.
Those who like Football will watch games
on Saturday, Sunday Monday night and any other time there is a game on. This
pattern remains consistent. The only thing that ends the pattern is the end of
SOCIAL INTEREST is generally evoked by
something in the environment, something that is perhaps new, unusual, or surprising.
Social interests are not as long lasting or enduring as personal interest. For
The Author of our text relates an incident
while driving to Boulder Colorado one day several years ago. She saw what looked
like a llama out of the corner of her eye. Well she knew very well that Colorado’s eastern plains are cattle and horse
country, not llama country, so she slowed down to take a closer look, eventually confirming the unlikely llama hypothesis. For the time being she was more interested in identifying the strange creature she
had seen than getting to Boulder.